英文法Ⅰ 解答

中1英語・解答編

 

Ⅰbe動詞について

1

【問1】① Is this a pen? / Yes, it is.     ② Is that a book? / Yes, it is.

③ Is this an apple? / Yes, it is.        ④ Is that Japan? / Yes, it is.

⑤ Are you a student? / Yes, I am.        ⑥ Am I Taro? / Yes, you are.

⑦ Is he an American? / Yes, he is.     ⑧ Is she a teacher? / Yes, she is.

⑨ Is Tom a boy? / Yes, he is.       ⑩ Is a cat a mammal? / Yes, it is.

【問2】省略

2

【問1】省略  【問2】省略

3

【問1】省略

【問2】① Are these dogs? / Yes, they are.   ② Are those her cats? / Yes, they are.

③ Are we doctors? / Yes, you are.      ④ Are you pianists? / Yes, we are.

⑤ Are they girls? / Yes, they are.      ⑥ Are they Japanese? / Yes, they are.

⑦ Are these dictionaries? / Yes, they are.  ⑧ Are they your boxes? / Yes, they are.

4

【問い】① What is his name? / His name is Ichiro Suzuki.      Who are you? / I am Ichiro Suzuki.

② What is your mother’s job? / It is nurse.   What is your mother? / She is a nurse.

③ Who is that girl? / She is Mary.  She is my sister.

5

【問い】① That is a tall tree. / That tree is tall.    ② This is a short bridge. / This bridge is short.

③ That is a big country. / That country is big.     ④ This is a small camera. / This camera is small.

⑤ You aren’t an American student. / I’m a Japanese student.

⑥ Is that picture beautiful? / Yes, it is.            ⑦ Is that a beautiful picture? / Yes, it is.

6

【問い】① Is this pencil long or short? / It’s short.

② Is this a long pencil or a short pencil(one)? / It is a long pencil(one).

7

【問い】① What is this book? / It’s an English book.     ② What book is this? / It’s a Japanese book.

③ What are these flowers? / They’re lilies.       ④ What flowers are these? / They’re tulips.

8

【問い】① Whose bicycle is that? / It’s hers.      ② Whose is that bicycle? / It’s his.

③ Whose pencil is this? / It’s Tom’s.           ④Whose pencils are these? /They’re Tom’s.

⑤ Whose is this pencil? /It’s Tom’s brother’s.

⑥ Whose are these pencils? /They’re Tom’s brother’s.

9

☆① これはネコではない。これはイヌです。     ② あれは箱ではない。あれは筆箱です。

  • それは何ですか。 ─ それはグラスです。  ④ あれはホテルです。あのホテルはとても美しい。
  • これは卵です。この卵は私のものです。

【問い】①That isn’t  a car.  It’s a bus.     ②  This isn’t my dictionary.  It’s my father’s.

10

☆A:あれも店ですか。

B:いいえ,ちがいます。

A:それではあれは何ですか。

B:あれは銀行です。

 

Ⅱ一般動詞について

1

【問1】省略

【問2】① Do I have a pen? / Yes, you do.   ② Do you read a book? / Yes, I do.

③ Do we study English? / Yes, you do.    ④ Do they like tennis? / Yes, they do.

⑤ Do I eat two eggs? / Yes, you do.     ⑥ Do you use this knife? / Yes, I do.

⑦ Do we want a park? / Yes, you do.     ⑧ Do they need houses? / Yes, they do.

⑨ Do I play baseball? / Yes, you do.     ⑩ Do you play the piano? / Yes, I do.

2

【問い】① What do you study? / We study Japanese.

② What color do you like? / I like white.

③ Whose camera do you use? / I use my father’s.

3

【問い】How many pictures do you have? / I have seven.

4

【問い】① No, I don’t.   ② I like dogs.   ③ What do you have?   ④ What do you want?

  •  I like blue.   ⑥ How many eggs do you eat?  ⑦ No, he isn’  ⑧ Yes, they are.

⑨ What is this?   ⑩ Whose is that cat?   ⑪ Who are these boys?   ⑫ She is young.

 

Ⅲ副詞について

13

4

☆①[私はその公園へ行く。彼らもそこへ行く。]  [to the park]

②[私はその公園で遊ぶ。彼らもそこで遊ぶ。]  [in the park]

5

【問い】① We run in the park every morning.     ② They study in the library after school.

③ I play the piano at home on Sunday.       ④ Do you swim in the sea every summer?

⑤ They play baseball hard at school every day.   ⑥ I read a book in my room every afternoon.

6

【問い】① When do you study English? / I study it in the morning.

② Where do you go every Sunday? / They go to church with them.

 

Ⅳ一般動詞の文で主語が三人称単数になる場合

1

【問い】① She doesn’t go to school.           ② Does Mary play the violin? / No, she doesn’t.

③ What does he study?                        ④ What does he do?

⑤ What time do you get up?                   ⑥ Where does that boy swim?

2

【問い】① Who uses this computer? / I do.    ② Who wants your mother’s dress? / My sister does.

③ Who reads a book hard in the library every day? / We do.

④ How many students speak English? / Seven do.

3

☆①「彼女は何枚かのCDを持っている。」    ②「彼女は何枚かのCDを持っているか。」

③「彼女は一枚のCDも持っていない。」

【問い】①Do you have some books? /Yes,I do. ②How many books do you have?/I don’t have any books. I have no book(s).

4

(1)・君はペンを持っていない。  ・君は時々自分の部屋を掃除するか。

・どこで彼はサッカーをするか。

(2)・彼はよくその公園に行くか。─ はい,行きます。  ・誰がピアノを弾くか。─ 私の姉が弾きます。

(3)・私は常にベストを尽くす。                         ・彼女は自分の宿題をやる。

・君は夕方何をするか。─ 私は走ります。

 

Ⅴitの特別用法

1

☆① 今何時ですか。 ─ 8時30分です。      ② 11時ですか。─ はい,そうです。

③ 4時前5分です。=3時55分です。       ④ 9時半です。=9時30分です

2

☆① 今日は何曜日ですか。─ 今日は日曜日です。   ② 今日は何日ですか。─ 9月12日です。

3

① 今日はとても天気がよい。                                       ② 今朝はくもりだ。

③ お天気はどうですか。─ 今日は雨模様です。     ④ 2月は寒いですか。─ はい,そうです。

⑤ 秋は暑いですかそれとも涼しいですか。─ 涼しいです。    ⑥ 今春です。

⑦ 東京から博多までどれだけありますか。─ 約千キロメーターあります。

【問い】

  • It is summer now.          ② What day of the week is it today?

③ What day of the month is it today?  ④ It is rainy (today).  ⑤ It is rainy (today).

 

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