熟語NO.5 ・NO.6 (訳文問題)

英熟語

入試必出熟語NO.5 (訳文問題)

□1 ~を楽しみにして待つ
(                           )
I’m looking forward to your letter.*
(                                                       )
□2 ~のように見える
(                           )
You look like a teacher.*
(                                                       )
□3 間違いをする
(                           )
Don’t make a mistake in the examination.
(                                                       )
□4 演説をする
(                           )
He made a speech before many people.*
(                                                       )
□5 ~かもしれない
(                           )
It may be rainy tomorrow.
(                                                       )
□6 ~にちがいない
(                           )
He must be happy to have so many friends.*
(                                                       )
□7 ~してはならない
(                           )
You must not do such a thing.*
(                                                       )
□8 ~する必要はない
(                           )
You need not go home at once.
(                                                       )
□9 Bに対してを払う
(                           )
He paid 10,000$ for a house.
(                                                       )
□10 ~を延期する
(                           )
The party will put off till next Sunday.
(                                                       )
□11 ~を身に着ける
(                           )
Put on your overcoat on a cold day.*
(                                                       )
□12 ~を消す
(                           )
Won’t you put out the light?*
(                                                       )
□13 走り去る
(                           )
The children ran away at that time.
(                                                       )
□14 ~をひく
(                           )
A cat was run over by a car.
(                                                        )
□15 ~ひとりごとを言う
(                           )
He said to himself, “I’ve made a mistake.”
(                                                         )
□16 ~を迎えにいく
(                           )
I had to send for the doctor.
(                                                       )
*1  look forward to +名詞または動名詞 ⇒「~を期待して待つ,~を楽しみに待つ」*2  like は前置詞。
*6  to have so many friendsの部分は『判断の根拠』を表す不定詞の副詞的用法。*7  such a thing「そんなこと」,  such ~「そのような~」
*11「~を脱ぐ」はtake off ~。*12 put out ~ = turn off ~で,「点ける」はturn on ~と表す。

入試必出熟語NO.6 (訳文問題)

□1 ~に話しかける
(                           )
A foreigner spoke to me.*
(                                                       )
□2 AからBに向けて出発する
(                           )
started from Paris for New York.
(                                                       )
□3 ~に滞在する
(                           )
stayed with my aunt’s house last summer.
(                                                       )
□4 ~するのをやめる
(                           )
stopped smoking.*
(                                                       )
□5 ~するのに成功する
(                           )
Study hard, and you’ll succeed in the examination.(                                                        )
□6 AをBに連れて行く
(                           )
Will you take me to the park?*
(                                                        )
□7 風呂に入る
(                           )
I always take a bath in the morning.
(                                                        )
□8 写真を撮る
(                           )
May I take pictures here?*
(                                                         )
□9 散歩をする
(                           )
He takes a walk for health every morning.
(                                                       )
□10 ~の世話をする
(                           )
Would you take care of my children?
(                                                       )
□11 ~を脱ぐ
(                           )
Take off your shoes and put on these slippers.(                                                       )
□12 ~に参加する
(                           )
He took part in the contest.*
(                                                       )
□13 ~が起こる
(                           )
The accident took place yesterday afternoon.*
(                                                       )
□14 ~と話す
(                           )
I don’t like to talk to a stranger.*
(                                                       )
□15 (に~するように命じる
(                           )
Please tell him to study harder.*
(                                                       )
□16 嘘をつく
(                           )
You must not tell a lie.*
(                                                       )
*1  speak-spoke-spoken「話す」*2  stop + 動名詞=「~するのをやめる」
*6  take A to B=「AをBに連れて行く」*8  take a pictureも可。
*12 = join ~*13 = happen
*14 = talk with ~*15 tell +人+ to不定詞 ⇒「(人)に~するよう命じる」
*16 = Don’t tell a lie.
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