態の変換

英文法Ⅲ

態の変換の基本

① You study English.

② You don’t study English.

③ Do you study English?

─ Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

④ What do you study?

─ I study English.

⑤ What do you do?

─ I study English.

⑥ When did she make the cake?

⑦ How many pens do you use?

⑧ Who broke the window?

⑨ He saw her then.

⑩ I bought it at the shop.

⑪ They laughed at me.

⑫ She took care of us.

① English is studied by you.

② English isn’t studied by you.

③ Is English studied by you?

─ Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

④ What is studied by you?

─ English is (studied by me).

⑤ What is done by you?

─ English is (studied by me).

⑥ When was the cake made by her?

⑦ How many pens are used by you?

⑧ Who was the window broken by?

Whom was the window broken by?

By whom was the window broken?

⑨ She was seen by him then.

⑩ It was bought by me at the shop.

⑪ I was laughed at by them.

⑫ We were taken care of by her.

態の変換 助動詞を含む文

① She will write a letter.

② He must teach science.

③ She can use this computer.

① A letter will be written by her.

② Science must be taught by him.

③ This computer can be used by her.

態の変換 第四文型

 ① Father gave me a knife

①’Father gave a knife to me.

② Mother made me a cake.

②’Mother made a cake for me.

① A knife was given me by Father.

①’A knife was given to me by Father.

② A cake was made me by Mother.

②’A cake was made for me by Mother.

態の変換 第五文型

① We call him Tom.

② Tom named it Pochi.

③ Tom made Mary happy.

④ What do you call this flower?

① He is called Tom by us.

② It was named Pochi by Tom.

③ Mary was made happy by Tom.

④ What is this flower called by you?

態の変換 by ~ の省略

① You speak Japanese in Japan.

② They sell salt at that store.

③ We can see stars at night.

① Japanese is spoken in Japan.

② Salt is sold at that shop.

③ Stars can be seen at night.

態の変換 慣用表現

① I am interested in music.

② Mt. Fuji is covered with snow.

③ He is known to everybody.

④ This bus is filled with passengers.

This bus is full of passengers.

⑤ I was surprised at the news.

I was surprised to hear the news.

⑥ She is dressed in black.

⑦ We were caught in a shower.

⑧ I was born in 1993.

⑨ She was married last year.

⑩ He is pleased with the result.

⑪ I’m not satisfied with the result.

⑫ She is tired of the work.

⑬ This desk is made of wood.

⑭ Wine is made from grapes.

⑮ Milk is made into cheese.

① 私は音楽に興味がある。

② 富士山は雪で覆われている。

③ 彼は誰からも知られている。

④ このバスは乗客でいっぱいだ。

⑤ 私はそのニュースに驚いた。

⑥ 彼女は黒い服を着ている。

⑦ 私たちはにわか雨に降られた。

⑧ 私は1993年に生まれました。

⑨ 彼女は去年結婚しました。

⑩ 彼はその結果に満足している。

⑪ 私はその結果に満足していない。

⑫ 彼女はその仕事に疲れている。

⑬ この机は木で出来ている。

⑭ ワインは葡萄から作られる。

⑮ 牛乳はチーズに作りかえられる。

英文法Ⅲ
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