⑴ 「～しなさい」 の表現
You study hard. ⇒ Study hard.
⑵ 「～してはならない」 の表現
You don’t give up. ⇒ Don’t give up. (＝Never give up.) ★neverは強意表現
⑶ 「～してくれませんか」 の表現
You open the window. ⇒ Please open the window. (＝Open the window, please.)
⑷ 「～しましょう」 の表現
We go to the park. ⇒ Let’s go to the park.
Be ～， Don’t be ～で始まる命令文
⑴ 「～であれ」 の表現
You are a good student. ⇒ Be a good student.
You are kind to others. ⇒ Be kind to others.
⑵ 「～であってはならない」 の表現
You are not noisy. ⇒ Don’t be noisy.
⑴ 《 How＋［ ］＋主語＋述語動詞＋！》 の構文
I am very busy.「とても忙しい，私は」
⇒ How ［ ］I am！「なんて忙しいのだろう，私は」
⑵ 《 How＋［ ］＋主語＋述語動詞＋！》 の構文
You play the piano very well.「とても上手に，君はピアノを弾く」
⇒ How［ ］you play the piano！「なんて上手に，君はピアノを弾くのだろう」
⑴ 《 What＋a(an)＋形容詞＋［ ］＋主語＋述語動詞＋！》 の構文
She is a very happy student. 「とても幸せな学生だ，彼女は」
⇒ What a［ ］student she is！ 「なんて幸せな学生だろう，彼女は」
He has a very fast car. 「とても速い車を，彼は持っている」
⇒ What a ［ ］car he has！ 「なんて速い車を，彼は持っているのだろう」
① How fast you swim！
＝What a fast swimmer you are！
② How well they play baseball！
＝What good baseball players they are！
③ How well our teacher speaks English！
＝What a good speaker of English our teacher is！
・ run → a runner ・ sing → a singer ・ play tennis→ a tennis player
・ play the piano → a pianist ・ play the violin → a violinist
① That picture is very pretty.
② This is a very beautiful park.
③ It is a very interesting book.
④ Tom can jump very high.
⑤ That car is running very fast.
⑥ There are a lot of books in this library.
① How fast he runs！
＝( ) a ( ) ( ) he is！
② How well she sings！
＝( ) a ( ) ( ) she is！
③ How hard they work!
＝( ) hard ( ) they are！
④ What an old apple that is！
＝( ) ( ) that apple is！
⑤ What an early riser he is！
＝( ) ( ) he rises！
⑥ What useful books these are！
＝( ) ( ) these books are！
⑦ How well she speaks French！
＝( ) a ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) she is！
⑴ 《 ［ ］,＋isn’t (don’t)＋代名詞？ 》
① This is a pen, isn’t it？
② You are very busy, aren’t you？
③ Mary danced well, didn’t she？
⑵ 《 ［ ］,＋is (do)＋代名詞？ 》
① That building isn’t a church, is it？
② You weren’t studying then, were you？
③ She won’t go shopping today, will she？
⑵ 答えが肯定ならYes，否定ならNoを用いる。日本語の「はい」 「いいえ」と反対になるので注意する。
① Aren’t you a scientist？ Yes, I am. ／ No, I’m not.
② Didn’t you like cats？ Yes, I did. ／ No, I didn’t.
③ Can’t he drive a car？ Yes, he can. ／ No, he can’t.
|① What are those？||② Who is that girl？|
|③ Whose is this dictionary？||④ When do you swim in the sea？|
|⑤ Where are you going now？||⑥ How do you go to church every Sunday？|
|⑦ How old is your house？||⑧ How many rabbits does your sister have？|
|⑨ What is your father？||⑩ What is your father’s job？|
|⑪ Can he call on his teacher？||⑫ Who broke that window？|
|⑬ Who was singing on the stage then？||⑭ “He likes dogs.” “Me, too. And you？”|
|⑮ “How are you？” “I’m fine, thank you. And you？”|
|⑯ Does your father go to the office on foot or by car？|
|ア Tom did.||イ She has two.||ウ I’m fine, too.|
|エ In summer.||オ To the station.||カ I walk there.|
|キ It’s a pilot.||ク He goes there on foot.||ケ Tom was.|
|コ Yes, he can.||サ He’s a pilot.||シ I don’t like it.|
|ス They are birds.||セ It’s ten years old.||ソ It’s mine.|
|タ She is my cousin.|
|① Will you drink some more tea？||② What shall I do for you？|
|③ How about going to the movie？||④ Must I go home at once？|
|⑤ Why didn’t you come yesterday？||⑥ May I stay here？|
|⑦ Is Tom going to call on her tomorrow？||⑧ Who is the tallest, Tom, Bob or you？|
|⑨ Which does he like better, dogs or cats？||⑩ Were there trees by your mansion？|
|⑪ Animals cannot speak, can they？||⑫ What time did you leave home ？|
|⑬ Which is your bike, this or that？||⑭ How many students are studying ？|
|⑮ How long will you stay in this town？”||⑯ Where shall we meet at three ？|
|ア Tom is.||イ No, you mustn’t.||ウ Because I was sick.|
|エ No, they can’t.||オ In front of the library.||カ Nine are.|
|キ No, thanks.||ク This one is.||ケ At three.|
|コ Yes, let’s.||サ He likes dogs better.||シ Will you shut the door？|
|ス Yes, there were.||セ For two weeks.||ソ No, you don’t have to.|
|タ Yes, he is.|
① What was Tom studying when I came home？ ( history )
② What was Tom doing when I came home？ ( study history )
③ What country will you visit next year？ ( Australia )
④ Who were you waiting for here？ ( Mary )
⑤ Which can run faster, this car or that one？ ( this car )
⑥ How far is it from Tokyo to Hakata？ ( about 1,000 kilometers )
① There is a dictionary on the desk.
② I’m very fine, thank you.
③ I went to the airport by train.
④ It was half past seven at that time.
⑤ My grandfather is ninety-nine.
⑥ Tom was running along the river.
⑦ Mary has three friends in Saitama.
⑧ It takes an hour to go there by train.