動名詞と不定詞

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動名詞と不定詞

動名詞の用法

⑴ 《 動詞の原形+ing 》 の形で用いられ,[          ]と訳す。

⑵ [      ]として用いられる場合は,不定詞で置き換えられる。

① Walking every morning is my habit. =To walk every morning is my habit.

② Studying English is interesting. =To study English is interesting.

⑶ [      ]として用いられる場合は,不定詞で置き換えられる。

① My hobby is going to the woods. =My hobby is to go to the woods.

② Seeing is believing.=To see is to believe.

⑷ 動詞の[      ]として用いられる場合

① I like using a computer.  ★like, begin, start, loveは,不定詞で置き換えられる。

② Did you enjoy dancing at the party? ★enjoy, finishは,不定詞で置き換えられない。

⑸ 前置詞の[      ]として用いられる場合

① You are very good at playing tennis. =You play tennis very well.

② She is very fond of cooking a cake. =She likes cooking a cake very much.

③ The girl went away without saying good-bye.

④ I wash my face before eating breakfast. =I wash my face before I eat breakfast.

⑤ I drink tea after having dinner. =I drink tea after I have dinner.

⑥ How about going to the movie?

=Shall we go to the movie?

=Let’s go to the movie.

動名詞と不定詞で意味が異なる動詞

① He stopped smoking.

①’ He stopped to smoke.

② I tried eating the fish.

②’ I tried to eat the fish.

③ I remember writing to him.

③’ Please remember to write to him.

④ I forgot  visiting her.

④’ I forgot to visit her.

慣用表現

① go shopping

② go swimming

③ go fishing

④ go skiing

⑤ look forward to + ~ing

⑥ cannot help +~ing

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