熟語NO.11 ・NO.12 (訳文問題)

英熟語

入試必出熟語NO.11 (訳文問題)

□1 ~からの帰り道に
(                           )
I am on my way home from school.*
(                                                      )
□2 ~へ行く途中で
(                           )
She was on her way to church.*
(                                                      )
□3 もう一度
(                           )
I’ll go there once more.
(                                                      )
□4 むかしむかし
(                           )
Once upon a time there lived a boy.
(                                                      )
□5 一つ一つ
(                           )
They entered the room one by one.
(                                                      )
□6 ある日
(                           )
One day he went fishing alone.
(                                                      )
□7 むこうで()
(                           )
She is playing over there.
(                                                      )
□8 いつの日か
(                           )
Some day there will be no war.
(                                                      )
□9 そんな~,あんな~,こんな~
(                           )
Don’t say such a thing.
(                                                      )
□10 明後日
(                           )
I’ll reach Tokyo the day after tomorrow.
(                                                      )
□11 一昨日
(                           )
I got to Kobe the day before yesterday.
(                                                      )
□12 今度今回
(                           )
Do it yourself this time.
(                                                      )
□13 数千の~
(                           )
Thousands of people were killed in the war.
(                                                      )
□14 ほほえんで
(                           )
She is standing with a smile.
(                                                      )
□15 一言もなしに
(                           )
He went out of the room without a word.*
(                                                      )
□16 ~しないで
(                           )
He went away without saying good-bye.*
(                                                      )
*1 この場合のhomeは名詞扱い。*2 「家から学校への途中で」はon my way to school from home と表現する。この場合のhomeは名詞扱い。
*15 without + 名詞 =「~なしに(で)」の意味を表す。withoutは前置詞。*16 without + 動名詞 =「~することなしに(で)」の意味を表す。

入試必出熟語NO.12 (訳文問題)

□1 ~せよ,そうすれば…命令文,  and Run fast, and you’ll catch the first train.*
(                                                         )
□2〈人〉ができるだけ~
~ as +人+ can
My mother works as hard as she can.
(                                                         )
□3 できるだけ~で
as ~ as possible
He works as hard as possible.
(                                                         )
□4 とBの間
between A and B
This train runs between Kyoto and Hakata.
(                                                         )
□5 もBも両方
both A and B
I like both English and history.
(                                                         )
□6 かBかどちらか
either A or B
Either you or I am wrong.
(                                                         )
□7 ~しませんか
How about ~?
How about going to the movie?*
(                                                         )
□8 どれくらいですか(距離)
How far is it?
How far is it from here to there?*
(                                                         )
□9 どれくらいかかりますか(時間)
How long does it take?
How long does it take to go there by car?*(                                                         )
□10 いくらですか(金額)
How much is it?
How much is your watch?
(                                                         )
□11 と耳にする
I hear (that) 
I hear she is a very good student.
(                                                         )
□12 ~かしらと思う
I wonder 
I wonder who he is.
(                                                         )
□13 ではなく
not A but B
He is not a doctor but a teacher.
(                                                         )
□14 一つは,もう一方は…
one ~, the other 
One is a Japanese, the other is an American.(                                                         )
□15 ~せよ,さもなければ…
命令文,  or 
Study harder, or you’ll fail in the examination.*
(                                                         )
□16 とても~なので,…だ
so ~ that 
The woman is so rich that she can buy the dress.(                                                         )
□17 とても~なので…できない
too ~ to 
The man was too old to work.*
(                                                         )
*1 = If you run fast, you’ll catch the first train.*8  hereとthereは名詞扱い。
*9  答えの例として,It takes half an hour (to go there by car). など*12 《 I wonder + 疑問詞 》の構文になる。
*15 = If you don’t study harder, you’ll fail in the examination.*17 = The man was so old that he couldn’t work.
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