いろいろな疑問文

牧場 英文法Ⅱ

❶ 付加疑問文  →「~です(よ)ね・~ではありません(よ)ね」と,相手の確認・同意を求める表現

 ⑴ 《 [       ],+isn’t (don’t)+代名詞? 》

  ① This is a pen, isn’t it?

  ② You are very busy, aren’t you?

  ③ Mary danced well, didn’t she?

 ⑵ 《 [       ],+is (do)+代名詞? 》

  ① That building isn’t a church, is it?

  ② You weren’t studying then, were you?

  ③ She won’t go shopping today, will she?

❷ 否定疑問文 →「~ではないのですか・~しないのですか」と,たずねる表現

 ⑴ isn’t,don’t,can’tなどの縮約形を主語の前に置く。

 ⑵ 答えが肯定ならYes,否定ならNoを用いる。日本語の「はい」 「いいえ」と反対になるので注意する。

☆ 次の英文を日本語に直せ。

① Aren’t you a scientist?─ Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

② Didn’t you like cats?─ Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

③ Can’t he drive a car?─ Yes, he can. / No, he can’t.

❸ いろいろな疑問文とその答え方

【問1】次の疑問文の答えとして最も適当なものを,あとのア~タの中から1つずつ選べ。

① What are those? ② Who is that girl?
③ Whose is this dictionary? ④ When do you swim in the sea?
⑤ Where are you going now? ⑥ How do you go to church every Sunday?
⑦ How old is your house? ⑧ How many rabbits does your sister have?
⑨ What is your father? ⑩ What is your father’s job?
⑪ Can he call on his teacher? ⑫ Who broke that window?
⑬ Who was singing on the stage then? ⑭ “He likes dogs.”  “Me, too.  And you?”
⑮ “How are you?”  “I’m fine, thank you.  And you?”
⑯ Does your father go to the office on foot or by car?
ア Tom did. イ She has two. ウ I’m fine, too.  
エ In summer. オ To the station. カ I walk there.  
キ It’s a pilot. ク He goes there on foot. ケ Tom was.  
コ Yes, he can. サ He’s a pilot. シ I don’t like it.  
ス They are birds. セ It’s ten years old. ソ It’s mine.  
タ She is my cousin.      

【問2】次の疑問文の答えとして最も適当なものを,あとのア~タの中から1つずつ選べ。

① Will you drink some more tea? ② What shall I do for you?
③ How about going to the movie? ④ Must I go home at once?
⑤ Why didn’t you come yesterday? ⑥ May I stay here?
⑦ Is Tom going to call on her tomorrow? ⑧ Who is the tallest, Tom, Bob or you?
⑨ Which does he like better, dogs or cats? ⑩ Were there trees by your mansion?
⑪ Animals cannot speak, can they? ⑫ What time did you leave home ?
⑬ Which is your bike, this or that? ⑭ How many students are studying ?
⑮ How long will you stay in this town?” ⑯ Where shall we meet at three ?
ア Tom is. イ No, you mustn’t. ウ Because I was sick.  
エ No, they can’t. オ In front of the library. カ Nine are.  
キ No, thanks. ク This one is. ケ At three.  
コ Yes, let’s. サ He likes dogs better. シ Will you shut the door?  
ス Yes, there were. セ For two weeks. ソ No, you don’t have to.  
タ Yes, he is.      

【問3】次の疑問文に,(  )内の語句を使って完全な文の形で答えよ。

 ①   What was Tom studying when I came home?  ( history )

 ② What was Tom doing when I came home?  ( study history )

 ③ What country will you visit next year?  ( Australia )

 ④ Who were you waiting for here?  ( Mary )

 ⑤ Which can run faster, this car or that one?  ( this car )

 ⑥ How far is it from Tokyo to Hakata?  ( about 1,000 kilometers )

【問4】次の英文について,下線部が答えとなるような疑問文を作れ。

① There is a dictionary on the desk.

② I’m very fine, thank you.

③ I went to the airport by train.

④ It was half past seven at that time.

⑤ My grandfather is ninety-nine.

⑥ Tom was running along the river.

⑦ Mary has three friends in Saitama.

⑧ It takes an hour to go there by train.

英文法Ⅱ
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