❶ 付加疑問文 →「～です(よ)ね・～ではありません(よ)ね」と，相手の確認・同意を求める表現
⑴ 《 ［ ］,＋isn’t (don’t)＋代名詞？ 》
① This is a pen, isn’t it？
② You are very busy, aren’t you？
③ Mary danced well, didn’t she？
⑵ 《 ［ ］,＋is (do)＋代名詞？ 》
① That building isn’t a church, is it？
② You weren’t studying then, were you？
③ She won’t go shopping today, will she？
❷ 否定疑問文 →「～ではないのですか・～しないのですか」と，たずねる表現
⑵ 答えが肯定ならYes，否定ならNoを用いる。日本語の「はい」 「いいえ」と反対になるので注意する。
① Aren’t you a scientist？─ Yes, I am. ／ No, I’m not.
② Didn’t you like cats？─ Yes, I did. ／ No, I didn’t.
③ Can’t he drive a car？─ Yes, he can. ／ No, he can’t.
|① What are those？||② Who is that girl？|
|③ Whose is this dictionary？||④ When do you swim in the sea？|
|⑤ Where are you going now？||⑥ How do you go to church every Sunday？|
|⑦ How old is your house？||⑧ How many rabbits does your sister have？|
|⑨ What is your father？||⑩ What is your father’s job？|
|⑪ Can he call on his teacher？||⑫ Who broke that window？|
|⑬ Who was singing on the stage then？||⑭ “He likes dogs.” “Me, too. And you？”|
|⑮ “How are you？” “I’m fine, thank you. And you？”|
|⑯ Does your father go to the office on foot or by car？|
|ア Tom did.||イ She has two.||ウ I’m fine, too.|
|エ In summer.||オ To the station.||カ I walk there.|
|キ It’s a pilot.||ク He goes there on foot.||ケ Tom was.|
|コ Yes, he can.||サ He’s a pilot.||シ I don’t like it.|
|ス They are birds.||セ It’s ten years old.||ソ It’s mine.|
|タ She is my cousin.|
|① Will you drink some more tea？||② What shall I do for you？|
|③ How about going to the movie？||④ Must I go home at once？|
|⑤ Why didn’t you come yesterday？||⑥ May I stay here？|
|⑦ Is Tom going to call on her tomorrow？||⑧ Who is the tallest, Tom, Bob or you？|
|⑨ Which does he like better, dogs or cats？||⑩ Were there trees by your mansion？|
|⑪ Animals cannot speak, can they？||⑫ What time did you leave home ？|
|⑬ Which is your bike, this or that？||⑭ How many students are studying ？|
|⑮ How long will you stay in this town？”||⑯ Where shall we meet at three ？|
|ア Tom is.||イ No, you mustn’t.||ウ Because I was sick.|
|エ No, they can’t.||オ In front of the library.||カ Nine are.|
|キ No, thanks.||ク This one is.||ケ At three.|
|コ Yes, let’s.||サ He likes dogs better.||シ Will you shut the door？|
|ス Yes, there were.||セ For two weeks.||ソ No, you don’t have to.|
|タ Yes, he is.|
① What was Tom studying when I came home？ ( history )
② What was Tom doing when I came home？ ( study history )
③ What country will you visit next year？ ( Australia )
④ Who were you waiting for here？ ( Mary )
⑤ Which can run faster, this car or that one？ ( this car )
⑥ How far is it from Tokyo to Hakata？ ( about 1,000 kilometers )
① There is a dictionary on the desk.
② I’m very fine, thank you.
③ I went to the airport by train.
④ It was half past seven at that time.
⑤ My grandfather is ninety-nine.
⑥ Tom was running along the river.
⑦ Mary has three friends in Saitama.
⑧ It takes an hour to go there by train.