《 ［ ］＋is (are)＋不特定の主語＋場所を表す副詞句 》 の文の形で，
⑵ この文型の場合，［ ］には意味はない。
① There is a pen on the desk.
② There is a map on the wall.
③ There is a tall tree by the building.
④ There are four seasons in a year.
⑤ There are some American students in this room.
肯定文 There is a book on the table.
否定文 There is not a book on the table.
疑問文 Is there a book on the table？
答 え Yes, there is (a book on it).
答 え No, there isn’t(a book on it).
① There is a camera in his bag. (He)
② There isn’t a passport in my pocket. (I)
③ There are two parks in this town. (This town)
④ There are seven days in a week. (A week)
⑤ How many months are there in a year？ (A year)
《 ［ ］＋［ ］＋場所を表す語句 》 の語順になる。
① My brother is at home.
② The cap is on the wall.
③ The building is near the hospital.
④ Mother and Mary are in the kitchen.
⑤ Those students are in this classroom
⑥ “Where is your cat？” “It’s under the chair.”
① There are books.
② There is Tom in his room.
③ Is there a bank there？
④ Eight girls are on the stage.
⑤ My bicycle is under the tree.
⑥ Where is there your uncle？
⑦ Are there some balls in this box？
⑧ Are there many shops near the station？
⑨ My doll was in that bag.
⑩ How many dictionaries are on the desk？
疑問文 Is there a radio on the table？
疑問文 What is (there) on the table？ ★thereは省略する。
答 え There is a radio (on it).
My radio is (on it).
① What’s on the desk？ ★What’sはWhat isの短縮形。
There is a pen on it.
② What’s in this box？
Mary’s doll is in it.
③ What are under the chair？
There are two cats under it.
④ What are on the wall？
My sister’s pictures are on it.
① There are players on the stage. （疑問文に）
② There is a big shop in this town. （否定文に）
③ Are there many students near here？ （Yesで答える文に）
④ There are books in her bag. （haveを用いた文に）
⑤ There are two boys in this room. （下線部を問う文に）
⑥ There is a pot on the table. （下線部を問う文に）
Our city is very beautiful. We have two parks in our city. ①There is a park near my house. ②I often walk in the park with my family. There are a lot of flowers and trees in the park. The flowers are very pretty. There are many birds *among the trees. ③They are busy in the trees.
⑴ 下線部①の文について，a parkをたずねる文を作れ。
- How many parks are there in this city?
- Are there many trees in the park?
⒊ What are among the trees?
I am Kenji Yamada. Tom is my good friend. We live ( ① ) the *same town. His house is in front ( ② ) our school. But my house is near the park. We play baseball there after school. I sometimes visit Tom. His room is very nice. He has a computer. It is on the desk. He has two guitars. ( ③ ) are by the window.
（注）same =「同じ 」
⑴ 文中の( ① )～( ③ )に入る適語を１語ずつ答えよ。
⒈ Where is Tom’s computer?
⒉ How many guitars does Tom have?